viernes, 13 de noviembre de 2009

unidad didáctica

BREAKFAST TIME

8th grade – public school

Teacher: Diana Marcela Garzón Giraldo

Student’s name: ________________________________________

SYSTEMATIC TASK DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTORS

TOPIC: Breakfast Time

DESIGNED BY Diana Marcela Garzón G.

1. LEVEL

Beginners

2. AGE

14 –17

3. AIM

Speaking and writing about breakfast time. Reading about the typical breakfast in some countries (Especially in some of the representative English speaking countries and Colombia).

Describing breakfasts according to the known cultural backgrounds.

4. LANGUAGE

Verb To Be, Simple Present, introduction to the Simple Future, vocabulary about food, WH’s.

5. GROUPING

Individual and pair work.

6. RESOURCES

Pictures, photographs, magazines, dictionaries, the Internet if is possible to use it that day.

7. PROCEDURE

CONTEXTUALIZA-TION

  • Showing pictures and describing the food according to the words found in the COPY 1. USE COPY 4

  • Answering questions such as:

-What kind of food do you see in the pictures?

-Do you know another meals different of the one showed?

  • Creating their own dialogue using the simple present, verb to be and vocabulary about food found in COPY 1.

USE COPY 4

EXPOSURE

Scanning reading to find the unknown words. Circling them and searching for the meaning.

USE COPY 1

Scanning reading looking for details. USE COPY1

Read the dialogue and underline the unknown words and later do the role play. Answer the questions included there.

USE COPY 2

Short explanation of the simple future and its structures.

USE COPY 2

Solve the activities on COPY 3.

COMMUNICATION

Look for another different meal of different cities or countries using the internet.

Make a short description of it and present in front of the class.

8. ASSESSMENT

Reading, speaking and writing activities will be graded.

The dialogues will be evaluated according to:

  1. Creativity.
  2. The pronunciation and intonation.
  3. The subject worked in class.

9. REMARKS AND VARIATIONS

Role-plays in which students will talk about breakfast.

Students can prepare presentation of different breakfast in some countries.

COPY 1

  1. Read the following article.

Breakfast

Breakfast is the first meal of the day. The word is a compound of "break" and "fast," referring to the conclusion of fasting since the previous day's last meal. It is widely referred to as the most important meal of the day. Breakfast usually consists of foods that are high in energy content.

United States and Canada

Traditional

Traditional breakfasts in the United States and Canada derive from the full English breakfast and other European breakfast traditions and feature predominantly sweet or mild-flavored foods, mostly hot. Typical items include hot oatmeal porridge, grits (in the South), other hot grain, porridges, eggs, bacon, ham, breakfast sausage or small link sausages, pan-fried potatoes (hash browns), biscuits, toast, pancakes, waffles, bagels, French toast, cornbread, English muffins, pastries (such as croissants, doughnuts, and muffins), and fresh or stewed fruits of various types (stone, citrus, etc.). Steak may be served with eggs on the traditional menu. Cold cereal has become nearly ubiquitous in recent decades, and yogurt is widely popular. Coffee, tea, milk and fruit juices are standard breakfast beverages.


Grits are usually part of a Southern breakfast in the United States

Many regions of the U.S.A. have local breakfast specialties that are less popular nationally. In the South, homemade biscuits served with country-style gravy (also called sawmill gravy), country ham and red eye gravy and grits are one traditional breakfast menu; the Southwest has huevos rancheros and spicy breakfast burritos; scrapple is a favorite in the Mid-Atlantic states; Salmon bagels are popular in the Northwest and pork roll is rarely available outside New Jersey and Philadelphia; and New Englanders still occasionally indulge in fried salt-pork, and pie. Fried eggs with bacon or sausage and American cheese on a seeded Kaiser roll is a popular breakfast sandwich in parts of New York.

Some hotels serve breakfast buffets for a fixed price, or offer sweet rolls, cereal, and coffee as a free "continental" breakfast. Traditionally, hotel breakfasts were made to order at a restaurant or by room service. Omelettes made to order are also an option.

Waffle with bacon and eggs.

Contemporary

Scrambled eggs and pre-made pastries



Today, most Americans and Canadians eat a reduced breakfast most days, but may still enjoy a traditional hearty breakfast on weekends, holidays, and vacations. Having only coffee or skipping breakfast entirely is also common. Eating out for breakfast or brunch is common on weekends and holidays.

Eggs are strongly associated with breakfast, to the extent that many Americans and Canadians consider egg dishes out of place later in the day.

Waffles with fruit and sausage patties are a contemporary hearty breakfast, and would likely be enjoyed on a weekend or special occasion.

A typical contemporary combination of food for a hearty breakfast consists of eggs (fried or scrambled), one type of meat, and one or two starchy dishes; commonly hash browns and toast. A more basic breakfast combination would be a starchy food (such as toast, pastry, breakfast cereal, oatmeal, pancakes, or waffles) either alone or served with fruit and yogurt. This second option, similar to the Continental breakfasts served in Europe, is especially common in institutional situations where serving hot food is difficult, expensive, or impractical.

Restaurants that serve breakfast typically base their menus around egg dishes and pork meats such as sausage, ham and bacon. Pancakes and waffles are also popular. An assemblage commonly known as a country breakfast in restaurants consists of eggs or omelette, sausage or bacon, hash browns, sausage gravy, coffee, biscuits or toast with jam or jelly, and fruit juice.

A typical breakfast for those that eat ordinary breakfast as a home meal is instant oatmeal or a cold breakfast cereal with milk. Leftovers from the previous day's meals may also be eaten.

A worker's breakfast often consists only of coffee and prepared food purchased on the way to work or brought from home, eaten during the morning commute or at the workplace just before clocking in. Food items that fit this eat-on-the-go strategy include various sweet breakfast breads and pastries, bagels (often with cream cheese), sweetened flavored yogurt cups, smoothies and milkshakes, fresh fruit, granola or "energy" bars, toaster pastries, and fast food. Many fast food restaurants sell breakfast versions of their typical offerings that include eggs and are usually sweeter and less spicy. Examples of such breakfasts-to-go are: egg-filled sandwiches on croissants, biscuits or muffins, and breakfast burritos filled with eggs, cheese and sometimes sausage.

Healthier breakfasts are gaining in popularity in some parts of the country such as California, featuring yogurt, whole-grain cereal, fresh fruit or egg-white omelets.

Coffee is the most common breakfast beverage. In the United States, 65% of coffee drunk during the day is with breakfast. Also common are tea, milk, hot chocolate, orange juice, and other fruit juices. Occasionally, caffeinated carbonated beverages may be substituted for the more traditional coffee or tea. Espresso drinks such as cappuccino and latte have become increasingly popular since the 1990s. In Washington State and British Columbia, the cappuccino and latte are the default way of buying coffee for breakfast.

The modern options typical of the U.S.A. and Canada are representative of Western-style breakfasts that have become common worldwide, especially in industrialized nations.

Breakfast is thought as the foods typically eaten during morning hours that are distinct from other foods even if eaten outside of the morning. In this sense, some serve breakfast for dinner. There are several fast food and casual dining chains in North America, such as IHOP and Denny's that specialize in hearty breakfast-style foods, such as pancakes and country breakfasts, and offer them all day. Like greasy spoons in the UK, American coffee shops and diners typically serve breakfast foods all day.

Drinks



As the preceding regional descriptions show, beverage choices at breakfast are fairly uniform worldwide, comprising

  • Fruit juices (orange juice is the most popular),
  • Milk (hot, cold, possibly cultured) or a milk analogue
  • Hot caffeinated and non-caffeinated beverages (tea, coffee, and chocolate).

Cultures around the world commonly shun or restrict alcoholic beverages at breakfast. Alcohol is a depressant and a psychoactive drug, and so its effects might not be desired during working hours. Notable exceptions would be the Mimosa cocktail: champagne and orange juice (known as Buck's Fizz in the UK); Bloody Mary cocktail: vodka and spiced tomato juice; and Liqueur coffee: a coffee brew with a 25 ml (1 imp fl oz; 1 US fl oz) shot of liqueur, which generally has a lower alcohol content than spirits (around 15 to 30%). Still, a Mimosa is normally served at brunch, and rarely consumed before 10 am. Another notable exception is the Champagne breakfast, a full western breakfast accompanied by sparkling white wine; usually saved for special occasions. It is possible that these exceptions are generally intended as some form of hangover cure (cf. Hair of the dog).

Colombia

Arepa: The basic side to any Colombian meal. It is bread made from cornmeal, similar to a thick pancake. It is normally eaten with an adornment of butter, although sometimes corn is added.

Buñuelos: Are popular ball shaped fritters and eaten as a snack in many South American countries. The Colombian version is made with dough of curd of white cheese that gets fried until golden brown. It is a typical Christmas dish in Colombia.

Changua: Breakfast in the Andean Mountains normally consists of this creamy soup made with milk, water, eggs, and scallions. The eggs are dropped into the mixture without breaking the yolks. It is served with cilantro and a piece of (stale) bread that soaks in the mixture.

Empanadas: It is a stuffed pastry that can either be sweet or savory. The savory Colombian empanadas are filled with beef, chicken and/or cheese as well as with rice and coriander. Compared to the Chilean or Argentinean empanadas they are not baked but fried.

  1. Circle the words that you don’t know and make at least two (2) sentences with the words found.

COPY 2

Structure

Future + when/before/after/as soon as/until

I | ’ll | leave | when | she comes.

| will | | before |

| | | after |

| | | as soon as |

I | won’t | leave | before | she comes.

| will not | | until |

We | ’ll | wait | until | she come.

Breakfast Time

Mrs. Roth: Adrian! Adrian!

Adrian: What?

Mrs. Roth: Adrian! Come on, it’s almost seven o’clock. Your breakfast’s getting cold.

Adrian: All right. I’ll be downstairs in a minute.

Mrs. Roth: Adrian, you haven’t shaved.

Adrian: I know. I’ll do it before I go to school.

Mrs. Roth: Well, don’t forget. And you need a haircut.

Adrian: All right. I’ll make an appointment after I finish school.

Mrs. Roth: And don’t forget....write and thank your grandmother for your birthday present...

Adrian: Yeah. I’ll do that when I get time.

Mrs. Roth: You’ll do it when you get home from school!

Adrian: What about my homework? And I’m going out tonight.

Mrs. Roth: You’ll do your assignment and write the letter before you go out. Where are you going anyway?

Adrian: Just out.

Mrs. Roth: Who with?

Adrian: A friend.

Mrs. Roth: Which friend?

Adrian: Just a friend from school.

Mrs. Roth: What’s her name?

Adrian: Suzy. She’s in my math class.

Mrs. Roth: Well, I’ll be out when you get home. You won’t go out until your father gets home, will you? He forgot his keys. He left them on the table.

Adrian: Not again! What time will he be home?

Mrs. Roth: About 7:15. Why?

Adrian: Oh, no! I’m meeting Suzy at 7:30.

Mrs. Roth: Well you’ll have to go as soon as he gets home. She’ll wait.

Adrian: Will she? You don’t know Suzy....

Questions

Answer the questions after reading the dialogue.

What’ll Adrian do before he goes to school? When will Adrian do his homework?

What’ll Adrian do after he finishes school? When will Adrian be able to go out?

Who’ll Adrian write to when he gets time?

COPY 3

Exercise 1

Organize the sentences in the correct order and introduce the simple future.

When/see him/say “Hello”

When I see him, I’ll say “Hello”.

  1. When/see a gas station/buy some gas. _____________________________
  2. After/have breakfast/brush my teeth. _____________________________
  3. As soon as/wake up//get up. _____________________________
  4. Before/go to bed/turn off the light. _____________________________

Exercise 2

Answer the questions giving true answers.

  1. What will you do when you get home tonight? ____________________
  2. What will you do after you have dinner? ____________________
  3. What will you do before you go to bed? ____________________
  4. What will you do as soon as you get up? ____________________

COPY 4

Describe the breakfast that you see in the pictures.










VOCABULARY SHEET